FOR a showy all-over pattern choose the Zig Zag, using two colors, or a riot or all colors. This pattern, two rows set together, finishing about five inches wide also makes a wonderful border where one wishes to add considerably to the area of some patchwork quilt.
Borders are so lovely on quilts that it is often well to plan the center part of a quilt small, using first a plain and then a pieced border, with perhaps a plain strip again to finish all.
The triangles are sewed together into long strips of desired length for the width of quilt, then the long strips sewed together as shown in the sketch.
Material Estimate: If all cloth is cut a seam larger than the patterns mark, each row requires 30 large triangles, half light, half dark, and two small triangles for the ends. Thirty-four rows this wide make a quilt about 80 inches wide by 90 inches long. It requires 4 1/2 yards light and 4 1/2 yards dark.
ROAD TO OKLAHOMA
SOME of our quilt followers ask for harder and more intricate patterns and some for something good looking that beginners can make. That's fair enough. Some of us never would attempt the "Rising Sun" or "Kaleidoscope.” The Road to Oklahoma" is extremely simple to piece and it may be made of scrap materials. Yet when it is set together so that the little dark squares make a continuous path across the quilt, it is charming.
This quilt block some way suggests wings — well, why not, isn't the road to Oklahoma today an airway?
Blocks cut a seam larger to finish twelve inches square, or they may be the seam less and finish about ten and one-half inches.
Material Estimate: These blocks are 12 inches square and there are 42 blocks for the complete quilt, 21 pieced and 21 plain, which finishes about 72 or 84 inches. It requires 9 yards of materials, 6 of light and 3 of dark.
Quilting suggestions: Horn of Plenty is an unusual quilting pattern, or a Feather Circle 10 inches in diameter.
HERE is a prime favorite of quilt makers for using silk scraps, and really for a slumber robe or fancy counterpane, a Log Cabin, properly shaded in light and dark is a thing worth cherishing. Old neckties, bits of sturdy ribbon, soft wool with silks and velvets, come into a glorified re-incarnation when cut into anchor inch and a half wide strips varying from one to nine, eleven or even thirteen inches in length, and sewed together as shown into blocks.
There is one center square of light, the very lightest, to two dark squares, each 2 inches longer than the one preceding, and the two longest ones of light to finish every block. Contrast between light and dark should be marked with the lightest values for the smaller pieces toward the center. Long dark strips may end with black each time, but should start with wine color, cinnamon brown or such.
This pattern gives the first four "Logs” in the Log Cabin block. To make a block 13 inches square as the small diagram indicates, extend the three ad-additional light and two additional dark logs 2 inches in length each time.
Another and perhaps more common way to build the "Logs" of color into blocks is to start with one square each of dark and light sewed together into a little oblong. Onto this sew a light oblong making a square. Onto this a dark oblong of the same size, 1x2, so that it goes across the end of the square formed by the little dark square and the end of the oblong.
From here on it is easy, alternating light and dark stripes of equal size but each pair one square longer than the pair before. These additions rotate around the center, right, bottom, left, top, right, etc., until a desired size block is built. The light finishes all across one side diagonally and the dark across the opposite.
Any Log Cabin quilt sets together entirely of pieced blocks, but there are at least four ways of doing this. After you have unit blocks completed it is well to experiment by laying them together for a plan you like best. With all dark corners — say at the upper right — so rows of dark and light triangles stair-step in even rows across the entire top, it is called "Straight Furrow."
A complete plan which backs four dark corners together for the quilt center, with a surrounding square of twelve turned in light ones, this having 20 dark halves around it, etc., is called the “Barn-Raising"—that is, if the whole is diagonally placed.
Where light alternates with dark in twos or fours, it is just Log Cabin, and all are lovely where the colors are rich.
IT IS interesting to note among the real old-fashioned blocks, the names and designs inspired by some track or foot print. There are Crow's Foot, Goose Tracks, Turkey Tracks, Bear’s Paw, a lovely one called "Steps to the Altar" and the equally enchanting “Drunkard’s Path." "Devil's Claws" is also a handsome block even when pieced of fiery red and white.
But to come back up to earth, Goose Tracks is really a charming old pattern, for either a two- or three-color combination. One follower of quilts sent in a sample of this block pieced in red, white and green which she called "Pride of Italy." The red was used for the diamond-shaped blocks with green for the square and 4 triangles marked blue.
Allow seams extra to the cutting sizes here given and a block will finish about 11 inches square. This quilt sets together with alternate white blocks, 6 blocks wide by 7 blocks long plus a 3-inch border and it finishes 72 by 83 inches. You will need 21/4 yards of blue material and 61/2 yards of white.
The Snowflakes design or a ten-inch Feather Circle would be suitable to quilt on the alternate blocks.
THE Baby's Blocks patchwork has to be rather carefully pieced on account of the corners coming exactly together to produce that charming but puzzling geometric effect.
For a baby quilt in white, pink and rose, or three tints of blue this makes a cunning coverlet with edges left in points as it finishes, being then bound in the darkest of the tints.
As a quilt for the boy's bed it is quite masculine in unbleached, tan and red, different values of green or any scheme to harmonize with his room.
Equal amounts of three colors are used in this coverlet. We suggest for a full-size quilt 3 yards each of light, medium and dark. For a twin size, 2 1/2 yards each of three colors and for a crib quilt, 1 yard of each color.
Quilting would be confined to very simple lines, such as follow the seams obliquely across in two directions would be practical and effective.
YOU will not be getting into very deep water if "Crossed Canoes” should be your selection for a quilt to try. There are only three seams to each quarter block as you can see by the small sketch, then the fourths sew together into a 14-inch square.
These blocks set together with white lattice strips about 3 inches wide with the dark boats pointing one way and the white ones forming an opposite diagonal pattern across the quilt. With a 3-inch border top and bottom, 25 blocks set together with 3-inch strips between will finish about 79 by 85 inches. A third color, red print for instance, could be used for the four dark triangles, leaving blue only on the four large parts here marked blue.
In cutting allow a seam all around in addition to the sizes here given. Diagram A shows how an acute angle is trimmed, rather than extend it away past the line marked by your cardboard pat-tern. This quilt will require 3 1/2 yards of blue and 5 1/2 yards of white.
An Anchor would be clever in design to quilt on the alternate blocks.
MONKEY WRENCH OR SNAIL'S TRAIL
THIS stunning quilt is one of the best examples of how an exceedingly simple block may be set together into an intricate pattern. Pieced blocks of squares and triangles cut from the given patterns and pieced as shown, alternate with 10-inch plain blocks, dark in one row and light in another.
It really isn't hard to do, although each “monkey wrench" must be turned at a certain angle, one way in the row with large light squares and a turn further around in the next row with dark alternate squares.
Make cardboard cutting patterns of the four patterns here given. Mark around each with a lead pencil and cut a seam larger, sewing back to the pencil lines.
All blocks must be pieced exactly alike so they stack with light on light and dark on dark. A block that "unwinds" backwards ruins the all-over pattern. The Monkey Wrench blocks finish 10 inches square. A top 70 by 80 inches plus a 2-inch border of each of the two colors, brings the size to 78 by 88 inches. You will need about 4 1/2 yards of each color material for this size. A Snowflakes design, Horn of Plenty, or Four Flowers would be right for quilting on the plain blocks.
HOUSE ON THE HILL
MOST naturalistic of all the old-time quilt blocks are the House or Cabin patterns which piece with roof, chimney, windows, door, etc. You may have difficulty in distinguishing between a patchwork "Pineapple” and "Washington's Pavement," but House on the Hill really looks like that. This is a cunning, dumpy little cottage with a variety of units, but very easy to piece once the materials are cut.
The roof could be all in one piece, three times the width of the block here given, but the smaller pieces with seams make it a bit more natural. The Hill block may be lighter green, plain or a flowered green print 3 1/2 by 12 1/2 inches.
All cloth is cut a seam larger than the patterns mark. The finished blocks should be set together with green or print lattice strips about 5 or 6 inches wide to place the houses apart in the quilt. A border with tulip corners would be right to quilt on these strips. Quite a wide border of ivory, blue, coral and green strips would make a lovely edge.
House on the Hill is a 12 1/2-inch block and requires 20 blocks, 4 blocks wide by 5 long with 5-inch strips between and a 7-inch print border all around to finish 84 by 96 inches. You will need 1 yard of print, 1 yard blue, 1 yard coral, 1/2 yard green and 11/4 yards ivory. This 4 3/4 yards is for blocks only. Allow 4 3/4 yards extra of the print, blue or green, to set blocks together and make border.
SPIDER WEB blocks are rather particular piecing to make them lie perfectly flat when done. Most triangular pieces can be cut on a true bias with threads on two sides parallel with the weave of the material. But this, not being a right triangle, can not cut a true bias which means care must be taken to keep the long sides from stretching.
Piece the bases onto the long triangles first, then sew four pie-shaped pieces together for each half block. Put-on the corner triangles, and sew one long seam through to complete.
For a full size quilt set together with white 11-inch squares, allow 5 1/2 yards of white and 3 yards of a color. You will need 28 pieced blocks and 28 plain ones, or 7 blocks wide by 8 blocks long, making the quilt finish 77 by 88 inches.
For a twin size estimate the length of course is always the same, but the width may be planned any size from 63 inches to 78 inches depending on how much one wants it to hang over the sides, how deep the springs and mattress total, etc. For a Spider Web Quilt, twin size, you may use 6 blocks by 8, finishing 66 by 88 inches, which would require about 2 1/2 yards of light color, with 4 3/4 yards or dark.
The Wedding Ring Special quilting pattern could be easily adapted to quilt the spider web blocks, using the small flower for a border or lattice strips.
HERE is a charming example of a quilt design combining both piecing and appliqué. A little nine-patch block is used as the center block of another sort of nine-patch the other sections of which have appliqué as shown in the small sketch. These patterns may or may not allow for seams depending on the size you want the finished block.
It is a bit less ravelly to piece the entire block first and appliqué the bee’s wings and bodies afterward. This is done by creasing a seam width back all around each piece, basting them care-fully in place and then whipping or blind-stitching to the white background. Honey Bee blocks are much more attractive when set together with large plain white squares than just the one block suggests.
The quilt is 7 blocks wide by 8 blocks long and will finish about 77 by 88 inches. Or a smaller center with a 5-inch white border, appliquéd with gold and blue "bees" would be unusual. This quilt will require 7 yards of white, 1 1/2 yards of gold and 3/4 of a yard of light blue.
The Snowflakes or a ten-inch Feather Circle would be effective on the odd blocks.
THE CHURN DASH is only another variety of nine-patch, one with a name that looks very like the object specified.
These patterns make a block 9 inches square if seams are allowed additional to the units here given. Odd scraps may be used for the different blocks, especially when set together in some definite order. Lightest prints to the center shading to the darkest in the outer rows gives a plan to the whole. With lattice strips of some one color about 2 inches finished, the churn dash makes a clever coverlet.
This quilt, 7 blocks wide by 8 blocks long, will finish about 75 by 86 inches. You will need 3 yards of white, and 5 1/2 yards of print would be used if the block set together with print strips. If set together with alternate white squares, these amounts would reverse, 3 of print and 5 1/2 of white.
With this plan one might use Horn of Plenty to quilt on the alternate squares or the Four Flowers.
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